Text Formatting Rules


Emphasis: two apostrophes either side for ''italics'', two underscores either side for __bold__
Lists: * for bullet lists, # for numbered lists, "; item : definition" for definition lists
Links: JoinCapitalizedWords to link to a page called 'Join Capitalized Words' (which may not yet exist). Use [brackets] for 'awkward' links [CrosswordSeptember2004], web links [http://www.bbc.co.uk/education] or [named|SomePage] links
Preventing linking Prefix with "!": !DoNotLink, (for [ double up the "[") Misc: Blank lines between paragraphs. Headings: !/!!/!!!, ";;" for line break, "----" for a horizontal rule


  • Leave a blank line between paragraphs
  • Don't indent paragraphs
  • Words wrap and fill as needed
  • Four or more minus signs make a horizontal rule
  • ;; makes a linebreak (in headings & lists too)
  • %%% makes a linebreak & clears text wrapping


  • asterisk for first level
    • asterisk-asterisk for second level, etc.
  • Use * for bullet lists, # for numbered lists (mix at will)
  • semicolon-term-colon-definition for definition lists:
term here
definition here, as in the <DL><DT><DD> list
  • One line for each item
  • Other leading whitespace signals preformatted text, changes font.


  • '!' at the start of a line makes a large heading
  • '!!' at the start of a line makes a medium heading
  • '!!!' at the start of a line makes a small heading


  • Indent with one or more spaces to use a monospace font:
 This is in monospace

This is not

Indented Paragraphs

  • semicolon-colon -- works like <BLOCKQUOTE>
this is an indented block of text


  • Use doubled single-quotes ('') for emphasis (usually italics)
  • Use doubled underscores (__) for strong emphasis (usually bold)
  • Mix them at will: bold italics
  • Emphasis can be used multiple times within a line, but cannot cross line boundaries:

''this will not work''


  • Hyperlinks to other pages within the site are made by using Link Words (preferred) or placing the page name in square brackets: [NumbersNeedBrackets37]. Avoid punctuation & spaces in page names (except _ and -).
  • Choose page names with this in mind, eg 'Don'tKnow?' is a bad page name, 'No Idea' is a good name. Try to keep page names short & precise, but specific enough that they won't overlap another page's content later. Choose names that will fit into (ie can link from) a variety of sentences easily, not just the one you're writing!
  • Hyperlinks to external pages are done like this: http://www.bbc.co.uk (in a new window)
  • You can name the links by providing a name, a bar (|) and then the hyperlink or pagename: BBCi home page (in a new window) - the front page
  • You can suppress linking by preceding the word with a '!', e.g. NotLinkedAsLinkWord, http://not.linked.to
  • Link to a heading within a page like this: Text Formatting Rules#Tables
  • You can create footnotes by using [1], [2], [3], ... like this here [1]. See footnote for counterpart. (If the [ is in the first column, it is a footnote definition rather than a footnote reference [1].)
  • URLs ending with .png, .gif, or .jpg are displayed as graphics if in square brackets:

acorn sketch::http://bradfordchristianschool.com/files/acorn.jpg. Optionally, add ' left' or ' right' before the closing bracket to align the image.


Enlarge this image

Aysgarth Union Workhouse


  • Simple tables are available. A table row is introduced by a | in the first column. It is best described by example:
      ||  __Name__               |v __Cost__   |v __Notes__
      | __First__   | __Last__
      |> Jeff       |< Dairiki   |^  Cheap     |< Not worth it
      |> Marco      |< Polo      | Cheaper     |< Not available
will generate
Name Cost Notes 
First Last 
Jeff Dairiki Cheap Not worth it 
Marco Polo Cheaper Not available 
Note that multiple |'s lead to spanned columns, and v's can be used to span rows. A > generates a right justified column, < a left justified column and ^ a centered column (which is the default). Add one or more # characters immediately after the first | to give the table a border.
Add one or more to create 
hash # characters a table with 
after the first pipe on the first line a border 

HTML Mark-Up Language

  • Don't bother
  • < and > are themselves
  • The & characters will not work
  • If you really must use HTML, your system administrator can enable this feature. Start each line with a bar (|). Note that this feature is disabled by default.


[1]+ By using [1] a second time (in the first column) the footnote itself is defined. You may refer to a footnote as many times as you want, but you may only define it once on the page. Note the the [1] in the footnote links back to the first reference, if there are multiple references there will be +'s after the [1] which will link to the other references. (References which come after the footnote definition will not be linked to.)

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